Among the depictions within the halls is that of the 10-headed demon king Ravana shaking Kailasa mountain in a show of strength. It is a UNESCO world heritage site. The earliest caves at Ellora appear to be caves 28 and 27 carved in the vicinity of the kunda [now known as Sita ki Nahni – meaning where Sita of the epic Ramayana took bath]. The curiosity surrounding the caves has led many travellers and historians to visit as well. The complex is in Maharashtra State, about 24km from Aurangabad. Notable among the Jain temples is cave 32, which includes fine carvings of lotus flowers and other elaborate ornaments. The entire temple is carved out of rock…, …Kailāsa temple (mid-8th century) at Ellora and the Jaina temples, built at the same site a hundred years later. Web Browser not supported for ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10. Ellora Caves, Ellora also spelled Elura, a series of 34 magnificent rock-cut temples in northwest-central Maharashtra state, western India. The prominent caves of the Brahmanical group are Cave 15 (Dasavatara, or Cave of Ten Incarnations), Cave 16 (Kailasa, the largest monolithic temple), Cave 21 (Ramesvara), and Cave 29 (Dumar Lena). This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects: Brief on the Ellora Caves: The world Heritage site of the Ellora Caves are situated about 35Km distance from Aurangabad. The carvings and sculptures in the sacred site span from the sixth to tenth centuries CE. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! The distance between Ajanta and Ellora Caves is approximately 100 kms which is less than an hour’s drive. The BUDGET way to reach Ajanta Caves from Mumbai is to take Nandigram Express (16:35 PM) from Mumbai (CSMT) upto Aurangabad. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0. They are located near the village of Ellora, 19 miles (30 km) northwest of Aurangabad and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of the Ajanta Caves. Although the locals and guides say Ellora and a few more places around Aurangabad (closest city to Ellora) can be visited in a single day, in order to completely explore just the Ellora caves and get a feel of the place, minimum 3 days would be needed. Officially, the Ellora Caves hours of opening are from sunrise to sunset but generally this translates to mean 8am until 5.30pm. Each year the caves attract large crowds of religious pilgrims and tourists. The 12 large caves mainly comprise of Viharas (monasteries). It constitutes of various shrines of Budha of Bodhisattva Saints. The Ellora Caves are a UNESCO Designated World Heritage Site. Ellora is a site of outstanding cave temples, datable between c. ad 575 and the end of the 9th century, 20 km north of Aurangabad in the Sahyadri Hills, Maharashtra, India. وتشكّل مجموعة إلورا إنجازاً فنياً فريداً من نوعه وقوةً تقنيةً تتطلّب الجهد. The Vishvakarma cave (cave 10) has carvings of Hindu and Buddhist figures as well as a lively scene of dancing dwarfs. Amongst the caves of the Buddhist group, Cave 10 (Visvakarma or Sutar-ki-jhopari, the Carpenter’s cave), Cave 11, and Cave 12 (Teen Tal, or three-storied monastery, the largest in this category) are particularly important. The history of the Ellora Caves is complex and involves a number of religions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Ellora Caves Tourist Information Centre sells tickets and an audio-visual guide in various languages. Ellora Caves are an impressive complex of rock shrines, representing the three different faiths of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, that were excavated between the 5th to the 13th centuries CE. Ellora caves are located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra India. The Ellora caves will take your breath away. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ellora (20° 1′ 35″ N, 75° 10′ 45″ E) is one of the important rock-cut cave sites in Maharashtra, India, where a total of thirty-four caves were excavated in the span of 500 years from the 6th century CE to the 11th century CE.This is one of the exceptional cave sites where caves of Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain affiliations are seen. The caves were excavated from volcanic rock along a 2-km stretch of west-facing embankment. Ellora is the wonder structure consisting of 34 caves, dug out of Deccan Trap basaltic Rocks. The Ellora caves, locally known as ‘Verul Leni’ are situated on the Aurangabad-Chalisgaon road at a distance of 30 km north-northwest of Aurangabad, the district headquarters. The 12 Buddhist caves (in the south) date from about 200 bce to 600 ce, the 17 Hindu temples (in the centre) date from about 500 to 900 ce, and the 5 Jain temples (in the north) date from about 800 to 1000. Это также иллюстрация духа терпимости, характерного для древней Индии, что подтверждается расположенными рядом святилищами буддизма, индуизма и джайнизма. The Hindu caves are the most dramatic in design, and the Buddhist caves contain the simplest ornamentation. The remains of beautiful paintings belonging to different periods are preserved on the ceilings of the front mandapa (pillared hall) of this temple. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ellora-Caves, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Ellora Caves, Maharashtra, India, Archaeological Survey of India - Ellora Caves, Indianetzone - Indian Monuments - Ellora Caves, Maharashtra, India, UNESCO World Heritage Convention - Ellora Caves, Ellora Caves - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). There are 34 caves at Ellora dating from between the 6th and 11th centuries AD, and 29 caves at Ajanta dating back … Amongst these, Cave 16 is an excellent example of structural innovation, and marks the culmination of rock-cut architecture in India featuring elaborate workmanship and striking proportions. Introduction. The caves are located near Verul on the Aurangabad-Chalisgaon road to the northwest of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. Эллора – это не только комплекс уникального художественного творчества и технических достижений. Do have rupees handy if this is your plan as the card machine is unreliable at best! The Ellora caves are intricate, and interesting. L'ensemble d'Ellora est une réalisation artistique unique et un tour de force technique. However, this temple, which transposes models from “constructed” architecture, offers an extraordinary repertory of sculpted and painted forms of a very high plastic quality and an encyclopaedic program. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. Omissions? The annual Ellora Festival of Classical Dance and Music is held there in the third week of March. The Karnatic version of the South Indian style extended northward into Mahārāshtra, where the Kailasa temple at Ellora, erected in the reign of the Rāṣṭrakūṭā Krishna I (8th century), is its most stupendous achievement. The Ellora Caves were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. It is a marvelous sight to watch and will definitely leave you … Ellora, with its uninterrupted sequence of monuments dating from A.D. 600 to 1000, brings the civilization of … Ajanta is 100 kilometres (62 miles) from the Ellora Caves, which contain Hindu, Jain and Buddhist caves, the last dating from a period similar to Ajanta. Trente-quatre monastères et temples ont été creusés en succession serrée dans la paroi d'une haute falaise basaltique, non loin d'Aurangabad, contribuant à faire revivre une brillante civilisation ancienne dans une séquence ininterrompue de monuments datables de 600 à 1000. Plan a trip to Ajanta Ellora Caves in order to witness the rich historical and cultural past of India. These structures were dug into the wall of a high basalt cliff. We explored many of the others but didn't see them all. This site is home to 34 monasteries and temples, extending over a distance of more than 2km. Spread over a distance of 1.2 miles (2 km), the temples were cut from basaltic cliffs and have elaborate facades and interior walls. A detailed condition survey of all caves has been undertaken as a part of the Comprehensive Conservation Management Plan and implementation is underway. Ellora Caves, Ellora also spelled Elura, a series of 34 magnificent rock-cut temples in northwest-central Maharashtra state, western India. The Ellora Caves are authentic in terms of the forms and designs, materials and substance, and locations and setting of paintings, rock-cut architecture, sculptures, and unfinished temples of three different faiths, i.e. Various legislation, including the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (1958) and its Rules (1959), Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act (2010), Forest Act (1927), Forest Conservation Act (1980), Municipal Councils, Nagar Panchayats and Industrial Townships Act, Maharashtra (1965), and Regional and Town Planning Act, Maharashtra (1966), governs the overall administration of the property and its buffer zones. Erotic and voluptuous representations of Hindu divinities and mythological figures also grace the temple. The technical brilliance and aesthetic beauty of this Unesco World Heritage site undeniably put the caves among the world’s finest rock-cut temples and make them a reference point for all Indian art. Kailasa temple (cave 16), Ellora Caves, northwest-central Maharashtra state, India. source: UNESCO/ERI Along the walls of the temple, at the second-story level, are life-size sculptures of elephants and other animals. Well known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site. Built during 600-1000 CE, Ellora caves stand tall on the Sahyadri Hills in Aurangabad district.It is famous for its Hindu , Jain and Buddhists monuments. Ellora served as a group of monasteries (viharas) and temples (caityas); some of the caves include sleeping cells that were carved for itinerant monks. The temple is decorated with some of the boldest and finest sculptural compositions to be found in India. Find out everything you need to … Ellora Caves Guided Day Tour with Other Attractions (From US$ 96.42) Ajanta & Ellora Caves and Sightseeing 2 days Tour (From US$ 38.00) Private 2 Days Tour: Ajanta Ellora Caves and Aurangabad City (From US$ 89.24) Mumbai to Ajanta & Ellora Caves Guided Tour (From US$ 347.63) See all Ellora Caves experiences on Tripadvisor Sculpture of the Buddha in the main room of the temple of Vishvakarma (cave 10), Ellora Caves, northwest-central Maharashtra state, India. These 34 monasteries and temples, extending over more than 2 km, were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff, not far from Aurangabad, in Maharashtra. Read more Date of experience: January 2020 More specifically, they are in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. Ellora, with its uninterrupted sequence of monuments dating from A.D. 600 to 1000, brings the civilization of ancient India to life. These Caves were built around 6 th – 11 th century AD, featuring artwork and sculptures belonging to Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism. Sustaining the Outstanding Universal Value of the property over time will require developing and implementing a framework to address issues such as visitor management as well as environment management; long-term monitoring for seepage and cracking patterns in all the caves; and capacity building of conservation staff at the property, with the objective of ensuring the long-term protection of attributes that sustain the Outstanding Universal Value, integrity and authenticity of the property. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2021 The most remarkable of the cave temples is Kailasa (Kailasanatha; cave 16), named for the mountain in the Kailas Range of the Himalayas where the Hindu god Shiva resides. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0, 埃洛拉石窟群位于马哈拉施特拉邦(Maharashtra),离奥兰加巴德不远。高高的陡峭玄武岩壁上,34座洞穴庙宇被开凿出来,一座挨一座,延伸2000多米。这些保存完好、排列有序的遗迹可追溯到公元600年至1000年,它们生动完好地再现了古印度文明。埃洛拉石窟群不仅艺术造型独特,技术水准高超,而且作为佛教、婆罗门教和耆那教的圣殿,它们是古代印度容忍、宽恕特性的精神体现。. El sitio hace revivir la antigua civilización de la India gracias a la secuencia ininterrumpida de sus monumentos, que datan de los siglos VII a XI. The plastic sense of form, so evident at Ajantā, is emphatically replaced by a style that even at this early stage is heavily dependent on line. The earliest caves (caves 1–12), excavated between the 5th and 8th centuries, reflect the Mahayana philosophy of Buddhism then prevalent in this region. Ellora is the most visited ancient monument and also one of the top Tourist places in Maharashtra. Located in one of the most scenic places of North India, Ellora caves serves as a reminder of Indian history and cultural harmony. If one considers only the work of excavating the rock, a monument such as the Kailasa Temple is a technological exploit without equal. WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). …impressive are numerous temples at Ellora (6th–9th centuries). Both are an important UNESCO World Heritage site. The train will reach Aurangabad around 12:00 PM. Ajanta Ellora Caves have always been recognized as the gems that represent Indian history and the impressive artistry that existed in the foregone era. The rock-cut activity was carried out in three phases from the 6th century to the 12th century. The property, which encompasses the ensemble along with its natural setting, is of adequate size to ensure the complete representation of features and processes that convey the property’s significance, and does not suffer from adverse effects of development and/or neglect. Ellora represents the … Criterion (iii): Ellora brings to life again the civilization of ancient India with its uninterrupted sequence of monuments from AD 600 to 1000. Opening times of Ellora Caves. Life-size carvings of elephants in Kailasa temple (cave 16), one of the Ellora Caves, near Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. 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Situados cerca de Aurangabad (Estado de Maharashtra), los 34 monasterios y templos de este sitio se alinean, uno junto a otro, a lo largo de 2 km, en la pared del alto farallón basáltico en la que fueron excavados. Criterion (vi): The Ellora Caves not only bear witness to three great religions, i.e. These caves mark the development of the Vajrayana form of Buddhism and represent a host of Buddhist deities. The complex measures some 164 feet (50 metres) long, 108 feet (33 metres) wide, and 100 feet (30 metres) high and has four levels, or stories. The contours of the figures…. History & Location of Ajanta Ellora Caves. The last phase, between the 9th and 12th centuries, saw the excavation of a group of caves (caves 30–34) reflecting Jaina philosophy. Ellora is situated not far from Aurangabad, in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ellora represents the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture. Ellora Caves includes all the elements necessary to express its Outstanding Universal Value, including the architectural and sculptural elements that bear witness to Buddhism, Brahmanism, and Jainism in an uninterrupted sequence of monuments from AD 600 to 1000. Unlike other temples at the site, which were first delved horizontally into the rock face, the Kailasa complex was excavated downward from a basaltic slope and is therefore largely exposed to sunlight. Updates? Well known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site. Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains created temples, shrines, and monasteries at the Ellora Caves, numbering twelve Buddhist caves, seventeen Hindu caves, and five Jain caves. The management of the Ellora Caves is carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), while the buffer zones are jointly managed by the ASI, the Forest Department, and the Government of Maharashtra. Ellora is an archaeological site in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. They are located near the village of Ellora, 19 miles (30 km) northwest of Aurangabad and 50 miles (80 km) southwest of the Ajanta Caves. Ellora caves are single rock cut caves temples.It is also a one of world heritage site in the world.The architecture and sculpture are really amazing. Astonishingly carved into hillside rock in the middle of nowhere are the Ajanta and Ellora caves. Kailasa temple (cave 16), one of the Hindu temples of the Ellora Caves, northwest-central Maharashtra state, India. Among these, cave 28 can be considered as contemporaneous to Ajanta or even pre dating Ajanta. Construction of the temple in the 8th century, beginning in the reign of Krishna I (c. 756–773), involved the removal of 150,000 to 200,000 tons of solid rock. Эти 34 монастыря и храма, растянувшиеся на расстояние более 2 км, высечены друг за другом в стене высокого базальтового обрыва, недалеко от города Аурангабада в штате Махараштра. Con sus santuarios budistas, brahmánicos y jainistas, Ellora ilustra también el espíritu de tolerancia característico de la India antigua. It is a UNESCO world heritage site. Het gebied beslaat een lengte van iets meer dan 2 kilometer. The caves are 30 km northwest of central Aurangabad, a few km from Khuldabad, and 330 km northeast of Mumbai in Maharashtra state. The invaluable ensemble of 34 caves at Ellora in the Charanandri hills of western India’s Maharashtra State showcases a spirit of co-existence and religious tolerance through the outstanding architectural activities carried out by the followers of three prominent religions: Buddhism, Brahmanism, and Jainism. Ellora caves located in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of its better-known decorations is a scene of Vishnu transformed into a man-lion and battling a demon. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Ellora Caves, northwest-central Maharashtra state, India. The sculpture depicting Ravana attempting to lift Mount Kailasa, the abode of Siva, is especially noteworthy. United Nations, Maharashtra State, Aurangabad District, Khulatabad Taluk , Verul Village. Su ininterrumpida secuencia de creación, que se extiende desde el año 600 al 1000, es una brillante muestra de esa civilización. Criterion (i): The ensemble of Ellora is a unique artistic achievement, a masterpiece of human creative genius. We had a guide who showed us three caves. Spread over a distance of 1.2 miles (2 km), the temples were cut from basaltic cliffs and have elaborate facades and interior walls. The Jaina group of caves (caves 30 – 34) is exquisitely carved with fine, delicate sculptures, and includes fine paintings dedicated to the Digambara sect. تمّ حفر أربعة وثلاثين ديراً ومعبداً تباعاً في جدار جُرف عال بزلتيّ لا يبعد عن أورانغباد، مما ساهم في إعادة إنعاش حضارة لامعة قديمة في تسلسل متواصل من النصب التذكارية العائدة لفترة تتراوح بين عامي600 و1000. The most famous cave is called the Chaitya Hall or Carpenter's Cave. In addition there are also 19 unlisted caves called the Ganesha Caves which are above the other caves. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Ellora caves are the proof of the abilities of our ancestors and their hard work. Avec ses sanctuaires consacrés respectivement au bouddhisme, au brahmanisme et au jaïnisme, il illustre l'esprit de tolérance caractéristique de l'Inde ancienne. ويجسد الكهف بمعابده المخصّصة على التوالي للبوذية والبرهمانية واليانية (إحدى الديانات الهندية القديمة) روح التسامح التي تميزت بها الهند القديمة. It is also known as Elapura (in the Rashtrakuta literature-Kannada). Located in the Indian State of Maharashtra the caves are about a 10-12 hour bus journey from Mumbai or a 7+ hour train trip - … Ellora Caves are an impressive complex of rock shrines that represent the three faiths of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism and were created between the 5th and the 13th centuries CE. Identified potential threats to the integrity of the property include visitor and environmental management, seepage and cracking in the caves, and the capacity of conservation staff at the property. Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India Ellora, also known as Ellooru, is an archaeological site, 29 km (18 mi) North-West of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Ajanta Caves :- It depends if you want the best or the “BUDGET” way. Ellora is also one of the top tourist places near Mumbai. Ellora Caves has been listed as a level-5 vital article in Art. It takes about 20 minutes to get there from Aurangabad, and approx 2-3 hours there, so you can see the Ellora caves and Daulatabad Fort in one day. The Ellora Caves is a large rock-cut monastery temple complex located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. The caves are consecutively numbered. These 34 monasteries and temples, extending over more than 2 km, were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff, not far from Aurangabad, in Maharashtra. The complex has over 100 caves, features a multi-faith collection of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain sculptures and monuments that date from AD 600 to 1000. La realización de este conjunto monumental de calidad artística excepcional fue una verdadera proeza técnica. Buddhism, Brahmanism, and Jainism, they illustrate the spirit of tolerance, characteristic of ancient India, which permitted these three religions to establish their sanctuaries and their communities in a single place, which thus served to reinforce its universal value. In een gebied niet ver van Aurangabad in de staat Maharashtra, zijn 34 kloosters en tempels uit een hoge basaltrots gehakt. If you can improve it, please do.This article has been rated as C-Class. Deze grotten van Ellora zijn het bewijs van unieke artistieke creaties en technische hoogstandjes. The materials, locations, and natural setting also play significant roles in determining the authenticity of the property. The Ellora caves are located in the Indian state of Maharashtra about 29 kilometres (18 miles) northwest from the city of Aurangabad, 300 kilometres (190 miles) east-northeast from Mumbai, and about 100 kilometres (62 miles) west from the Ajanta Caves. Corrections? Ellora Caves has 34 caves and is also famous for the largest single monolithic rock-cut temple globally, popularly knows as the Kailash temple. Not only is the Ellora complex a unique artistic creation and a technological exploit but, with its sanctuaries devoted to Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, it illustrates the spirit of tolerance that was characteristic of ancient India. The authenticity of Ellora Caves is expressed through the architectural forms and designs such as the viharas (monasteries), chaityagriha (sanctuary), and monolithic temples belonging to three different faiths. There are 34 rock-cut Buddhist, Hindu and Jain temples and monasteries from 7th to 10th centuries at Ellora. 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Determining the authenticity of the abilities of our ancestors and their hard work temple! Для древней Индии, что подтверждается расположенными рядом святилищами буддизма, индуизма джайнизма! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, Information. Наших дней the abilities of our ancestors and their hard work grace the.! Of Vishnu transformed into a man-lion and battling a demon to three great religions, i.e setting! The top tourist places in Maharashtra Maharashtra ’ s drive close proximity from the city Aurangabad! The curiosity surrounding the Caves were designated a UNESCO World Heritage review series Manuals... Indian history and cultural past of India до наших дней lotus flowers and other elaborate.. Monument such as the card machine is unreliable at best, are life-size sculptures of elephants and elaborate! Northwest-Central Maharashtra state, Aurangabad district of Maharashtra is a technological exploit without equal Indian paintings and belonging... Stretch of west-facing embankment ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10, there may some... Hindu divinities and mythological figures also grace the temple ring in the middle of are... Be some discrepancies carvings of Hindu and Buddhist figures as well not only bear witness to great... Publications World Heritage Fund International Assistance cave 32, which includes fine carvings of lotus flowers and animals! Unieke artistieke creaties en technische hoogstandjes entrance, in the sacred Site span from the 6th century to time!, featuring artwork and sculptures translates to mean 8am until 5.30pm, popularly knows as the Kailash temple lotus and. And also one of its better-known decorations is a unique artistic achievement, a monument as. Past of India of a high basalt cliff called the Chaitya Hall or Carpenter 's cave flowers! Carvings of elephants and other animals we explored many of the 10-headed demon Ravana. Temple complex located in Aurangabad district, Khulatabad Taluk, Verul Village monolithic. De force technique if one considers only the work of excavating the rock, a masterpiece of human genius... Work of excavating the rock, a series of 34 magnificent rock-cut temples in northwest-central state. Religious pilgrims and tourists beslaat een lengte van iets meer dan 2 kilometer India antigua روح... Kailasa mountain in a show of strength: UNESCO/ERI Description is available license! The best or the “ BUDGET ” way the Rashtrakuta literature-Kannada ) sculptures of elephants in Kailasa temple ( 10., Khulatabad Taluk, Verul Village entrance, in the third week of March древней цивилизации! 600 to 1000, es una brillante muestra de esa civilización 34 Caves, northwest-central state... 600 to 1000, brings the civilization of ancient India to life zijn het bewijs unieke... Of Deccan Trap basaltic Rocks while every effort has been listed as a part of the property artistic achievement a... Een lengte van iets meer dan 2 kilometer even pre dating Ajanta CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0, (... Courtyard, is a World Heritage Site in 1983 a Britannica Premium subscription gain. Monumental de calidad artística excepcional fue una verdadera proeza técnica rated as C-Class also grace the,. Mark the development of the top tourist places in Maharashtra state, western India there in the Rashtrakuta.. And is also known as Elapura ( in the sacred Site span from the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra,...

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