They are found nowhere else in the world, and the African Great Lakes has been called the secondary center of banana diversity because of this (with Southeast Asia being the first). They go from under-ripe green to perfectly ripe and still firm yellow, to more ripe deep yellow with a brown spot or two. Read more at straitstimes.com. I love figures and there would be happy to see a lot of percentages. The East African highland banana is a unique genomic group, selected over the centuries by farmers. Presentation of CARBAP 3. Bananas and plantains are similar, yet have a few key differences in flavor and usage. Botanically speaking, bananas are a type of berry fruit and they grow in more than 150 countries. Collecting Bananas. Management and development … [1] They can be subdivided into five distinct groups of clones known as clone sets: Over 500 local names are known for cultivars from the EAHB subgroup. Lady finger bananas: They are also known as sugar bananas. Their paternal parent is the blood banana subspecies (M. acuminata ssp. The origins of this banana are most likely of the Ivory coastal region of African and it is assumed was brought to the Americas via slave ship, but no one really knows. Uganda is the largest producer of bananas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), followed by Rwanda, Ghana, Nigeria, and Cameroon. [8], The fruits are recurved and can vary in length. Surprisingly, plantains also contain beta carotene (unusual in a non-colorful fruit), with one-half cup cooked containing enough to provide 5 percent of the RDA for vitamin A—compared with 1 percent in the same amount of raw bananas. Local bananas: A cheat sheet on the common banana types sold here, Africa News & Top Stories - … Content of a novel online collection of traditional east African food habits (1930s – 1960s): data collected by the Max-Planck-Nutrition Research Unit, Bumbuli, Tanzania. They are classified into groups according to a genome-based system introduced by Ernest Cheesman, Norman Simmonds, and … Pisang Raja bananas are popular in Indonesia. Some even use it as a platter to serve food. BANANA is an important staple food in East and Central Africa providing significant sources of income to farmers in rural areas but they are under threat of pest and diseases that cause yield loss. They provide food security and income for small-scale farmers who represent the majority of producers. At a recent conference held in Mombasa, Kenya, delegates gathered to discuss ways in which banana research may be strengthened and banana production transformed across the continent. They are found nowhere else in the world, and the African Great Lakes has been called the secondary center of banana diversity because of this (with Southeast Asia being the first). Each plant just produces one stem of bananas, holding up to 200 bananas. East African Highland bananas are considered to be especi… Uganda is the Banana Republic of Africa - 50 plus varieties Uganda goes Bananas and grows more Bananas than any other African Country Uganda is the Banana Republic of Africa - more Bananas are grown and consumed here in the Pearl of Africa per capita than anywhere else in all of Africa. We have three main groups of banana plants in East Africa: The East African Highland Banana: these are the most dominant in the region especially in Uganda. Cooking bananas have long been and still are a common staple crop around the Lake Victoria area of Uganda, and in the West and Kilimanjaro regions of Tanzania. [11] They are genetically distinct from the other AAA cultivars, having evolved locally in the African Great Lakes region for over a millennium. They are inflated with blunt tips. Soak in water to remove sap before eating. East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region. Of particular importance to Africa is the East African Highland Banana (EAHB) which is a staple starchy food for 80 million people and important source of income. 1 Further Feading Sorting Musa Names ext. The plantains: (e.g. ‘Costa Rican Hybrid Globe‘- grows up instead of hanging, makes stubby, round fruits. Matoke, locally also known as matooke, amatooke, ekitookye in southwestern Uganda, ekitooke in western Uganda, ebitooke in northwestern Tanzania and igitoki in Rwanda, is a starchy variety of banana. The leaves can be used for roofing, house building or as a recyclable umbrella if it is raining. East African Highland bananas are a subgroup that refers to about 200 individual banana cultivars (or clones). In Nakaseke, both landraces and hybrids were mentioned whereas in Mbarara, only landraces were reported. The male flowers have cream colored tepals with yellow lobes. It is typically eaten with a sauce made of vegetables, ground peanut, or some type of meat (goat or beef). There are more than 1 000 varieties of bananas produced and consumed locally in the world, but the most commercialized is the Cavendish type banana, which accounts for around 47 percent of global production. Williams was imported from Australia, and released in South Africa mainly to eliminate the problem of choke throat in cold winters The groups are: Plantain – cooking bananas. Lady's Finger Bananas. They are available in… There are various types of banana unique to Africa, and these can be eaten fresh, cooked, fried and processed to be served as baby food, juice and beer. Pisang raja: Considered the king of bananas for eating and cooking. When is the best time to travel to Tanzania? [8], Their leaves are also darker green and dull, a difference more apparent when comparing them side by side with other banana cultivars from a distance. Uganda grows more Bananas, Some varieties are too bitter. Bananas for Africa In Tanzania bananas are part of the staple diet and are eaten in nearly all households. Nutritionally, plantains are similar to bananas. and Kouris-Blazos, A. High yielding and pest/disease resistant varieties have been obtained in advanced breeding centers recently. Although Cavendish bananas are by far the most-common variety imported by nontropical countries, plantain varieties account for about 85 percent of all banana cultivation worldwide. MATERIAL AND METHODS The experiment was conducted at Rubona station in the south of Rwanda, 105km south of Kigali, at 1750 meters above sea … Westerners know bananas as bright yellow when it ripens, but Tanzanian bananas stay green even when they are ripe. Bananas do not have a specific growing season here, which means they are available all year round. African scientists develop banana streak virus resistant varieties The banana streak virus works by integrating its DNA into the banana genome. Seeds are not available which means all the bananas are grown from the shoots that appear underneath an existing banana plant. Pisang Raja. Another one of the most popular types of bananas is the Plantain banana. Uganda grows more Bananas, East African highland bananas (EAHB) were regarded as sterile. Exploiting indigenous knowledge for the management and maintenance of, Mgenzi, S.R.B., Mshaghuley, I.M., Staver, C. and Nkuba, J.M. East African Highland bananas are considered to be especially diverse in Uganda, Burundi, and Rwanda. These bananas are the most common variety, easily available in supermarkets in the United States. The bracts are ovate to lanceolate in shape with outer surfaces that are purple to brown and inner surfaces which are red fading to yellow towards the base. This type of banana has reddish-purple skin. 'Rhino Horn' banana plants can grow to a height of … Growing 430 varieties of bananas From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji’, Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. African Center for Research on Bananas and Plantains (CARBAP) Technical Consultation on Prevention and Management of Fusarium Wilt Disease of Banana 9-10 December 2014, Rome . In 2018, around 155 million metric tons of banana were produced around the world, of which 27% came from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (FAOSTAT 2020). They are a good source of potassium, vitamin C, and vitamin B6. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. East African Highland bananas are also known as the Mutika/Lujugira subgroup. Strategic stakes for banana and plantain Research and Development (R&D) in West and Central Africa 2. J. Clin. 2005. Per capita annual consumption of bananas in Uganda is the highest in the world at 0.70 kg (1.5 lb) daily per person. The name ‘banana’ is African and was carried to the New World by Portuguese slave traders. Bananas are one of the best sources of potassium, which helps heart, blood pressure, arteries. This type of banana is also commonly found in… International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the blue java are also members of the farm. On-farm conservation of, Karamura, D., Mgenzi, B., Karamura, E. and Sharrock, S. 2004. Cultivars are divided into three groups. See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Spice Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide . In both districts, the most preferred top five varieties are landraces (Table 2). The banana fruits all year round ‑ a characteristic that makes it an important income and food security crop. Bananas and plantains are the world’s fourth most important food crop and are of critical importance to the food security and income generation of more than 70 million Africans. Uganda alone has about 120 varieties of this type of banana. Bananas can be easily diced in mixed fruits salads, or as juice, margaritas, limeade, desserts e.t.c. Banana and plantain are important staple foods in many developing countries, especially in Africa. Presentation of high yield banana varieties. Bananas can be used for many other things and not just for human consumption. Beer – purely for making local beer or wine. For many in the country nothing goes to waste from a banana plant. Particularly important to Africa is the East African Highland Banana (EAHB), a staple food for 80 million people. Lady's Finger bananas are smaller and sweeter than the ubiquitous longer, … Improvement programme of CARBAP 4. Their screening for female fertility with “Calcutta 4” as male parent revealed that 37 EAHB were fertile. This video is part of a series of films realised in the Kivu region for the KULeuven and CIALCA, a consortium seeking… Remove tough covering and eat the soft white inner part. Red Banana: They are also known as the Dacca Banana. [14], East African Highland bananas are so important as food crops, the local name matoke (or more commonly matooke) is synonymous for the word "food" in Uganda. Each banana plant only produces fruit once and depending on the type, can take from 9 months to ripen up to a year in the case of the famous “red banana”. It is disease tolerant and farmers are advised to plant only certified plantlets,” said Murimi Kagete, a researcher at Kari’s Embu Station during a recent Embu Agricultural Show. [8], The inflorescence has peduncles covered with coarse hair. They are genetically distinct from the other AAA cultivars, having evolved locally in the African Great Lakes region for over a millennium. Driving through the country, banana plants and plantations are seen everywhere. India is the world’s biggest producer of bananas. Physical description. Good work here! Bananas for Africa. It is thought that bananas originated in West Africa, and in the native African language the fruit was called locally as … Also interesting is that some types of cooking bananas will turn sweet if left long enough to ripen. Outline 1. 16(1):140-151 [online]. [7], East African Highland bananas are easily distinguishable from other banana cultivars by the numerous black (or more rarely brown or bronze) blotches on their pseudostems, giving them the appearance of polished metal. Home Crops Field Crops Challenges of banana farming in South Africa. It is believed that more than 20 varieties of bananas grow in Tanzania but not all are suitable for eating. Cavendish banana crops are able to achieve high yields per hectare and, due to their short stems, are less prone to damage from environmental influences such as storms. The fruit is harvested green, carefully peeled, and then cooked and often mashed or pounded into a meal. It is, however, one of the smallest exporters, with the crops being used mostly for domestic consumption. Accessed 2011 June 14 from: Kitavi M, Downing T, Lorenzen J, Karamura D, Onyango M, Nyine M, Ferguson M, Spillane C. The triploid East African Highland Banana (EAHB) genepool is genetically uniform arising from a single ancestral clone that underwent population expansion by vegetative propagation. Banana Bananas are cultivated in nearly all tropical regions of the world. Study identifies banana varieties resistant to black Sigatoka and provides further insights into the disease pathogen. 2007. In Africa, more than 90 percent of harvested bananas are consumed locally and exports are not very common, except in just a few countries. GOOD JOB BUT WHAT AIM ASKING PLEASE CAN GET INFORMATION ABOUT BANANA PRODUCTION IN NGARA DISTRICT? The new FHIA-17 banana variety matures within 12 months and has an impressive number of banana fingers and weighs more than 100 kg. [citation needed], Matoke are also used to make a popular breakfast dish called Katogo in Uganda. This has likely led to the emergence of the genetically near-isogenic somatic mutants (i.e. The majority of this production comes from small plots and backyard gardens. [16][17], Matoke are peeled using a knife, wrapped in the plant's leaves (or plastic bags), and set in a cooking pot (Swahili: sufuria) atop the banana stalks. Wageningen University & Research (WUR), and KeyGene, both having their headquarters in the Netherlands, have joined the international research program Accelerated Breeding of Better Bananas (ABBB). Farmers were asked to rank the preferred banana varieties for making matooke. [18] Katogo is commonly cooked as a combination of the peeled bananas and peanuts or beef, though offal or goats meat are also common. This means all varieties tend to be susceptible to the same pests and diseases, such as the infamous Fusarium wilt. INTERNATIONAL project whose goal is to boost banana production in Tanzania and Uganda brings together a team of international researchers to deliberate on delivery of hybrid varieties to farmers. Driving through the country, banana plants and plantations are seen everywhere. Wild bananas have large hard seeds. While uncooked, the matoke is white and fairly hard; cooking turns it soft and yellow. Indeed African American English frequently distinguishes between an Immediate Perfective (I done go = I have gone) and a Remote Perfective aspect (I been go = I had gone). Fuerte fruit usually fetches a higher price of about 10 cents, or about 8 cents net, per pound on the local markets. [8], East African Highland bananas are triploid (AAA) cultivars. Uganda grows more Bananas, Uganda is the Banana Republic of Africa - 50 plus varieties Uganda goes Bananas and grows more Bananas than any other African Country Uganda is the Banana Republic of Africa - more Bananas are grown and consumed here in the Pearl of Africa per capita than anywhere else in all of  Africa. 'Rhino Horn' bananas, also called 'Rhino Horn' plantains or 'African Rhino Horn', are hybrid banana cultivars from Africa. Triploid East African Highland bananas are sterile, and have been asexually vegetatively propagated by generations by successive generations of farmers since their introduction to Africa. [15] Uganda is the second-largest producer of bananas in the world. banana juice and alcoholic beverages (beer, wine, and gin). an average annual yield of about 120 pounds per tree for this variety in South Africa. Asia Pac. October 28, 2013 at 2:09 pm While Steyl Willemse’s farming operation near Kiepersol in Mpumalanga is still dominated by bananas, he is gradually switching to macadamias to keep the farm running optimally. Of the numerous edible varieties, the EAHB accounts for 17% of the types of Musa grown worldwide, and plantain accounts for another 19%. These banana varieties are highly recommended for the home landscape. The pulp is white in unripe fruits and cream-colored in ripe fruits. [citation needed], Karamura, D. and Mgenzi, B. "The major problem in the highlands of East Africa is that the bananas suffer from a leaf disease called Black Sigatoka. Challenges of banana farming in South Africa. There are more than 1 000 varieties … A study on the analysis of. This video is part of a series of films realised in the Kivu region for the KULeuven and CIALCA, a consortium seeking to improve subsistence agriculture in Central Africa. Nutr. They are a staple food crop in Uganda, Tanzania[2] and other Great Lakes countries, and are used to make matoke. Environmental factors you will need to grow Bananas You will need the appropriate climate, the right soils and your land should be well prepared. How many banana varieties exist and what are the differences? IDENTIFICATION OF BANANA VARIETIES WITH RESISTANCE TO NEMATODES IN RWANDA S. V ... major banana parasitic species in East African highlands. In this recipe, the matoke are not mashed. Types of Banana Varieties. 2016 Mar 1;129(3):547-61. In addition to high yields, these banana varieties have shown significant resistance to Black Sigatoka, nematodes and weevils. [14] Including Rwanda and Burundi, consumption is about 250 to 400 kg (550 to 880 lb) per person annually (about three to 11 bananas each day). Outside of the U.S., South Africa is also the country with the highest percentage of royalty-bearing (private) and seedless grape varieties, with approximately 36% bearing royalties and 91% being seedless, in accordance with current demand trends. Physical description. Africa avocado exporters ride on the fineness of the African avocado by world standards because it is a combination of local and international varieties. "Banana and plantain — an overview with emphasis on the Pacific island cultivars", http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/Volume16/vol16.1/Finished/Raschke.pdf, "A classification of the clones of East African Highland bananas (, "Genetic diversity of East African Highland bananas", "Scientific basis for Banana Cultivar Proportions on-farm in East Africa", "Carotenoid-rich bananas: A potential food source for alleviating vitamin A deficiency", "Uganda prepares to plant transgenic bananas", Musapedia, page on East African highland bananas, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_African_Highland_bananas&oldid=997685890, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 19:07. Banana flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. Almost all modern cultivated varieties (cultivars) of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. This type of banana are long and yellow in color. zebrina) of the wild banana species Musa acuminata.[1]. The pot is then placed on a charcoal or wood fire and the matoke is steamed for a couple of hours, water is poured into the bottom of the cooking pot multiple times. Cavendish banana: This is the most common banana variety in the world. The medium-sized green fruits, which are of a specific group of banana, the East African Highland bananas (Musa AAA-EA),[4][5][6] are known in the Bantu languages of Uganda as matoke. Thank you Steven, we would recommend to use search engines to get more information about bananas in that particular area of Tanzania. WUR and KeyGene to contribute to African banana varieties resistant to Panama disease September 7, 2020 Wageningen University & Research (WUR), and KeyGene, both having their headquarters in the Netherlands, have joined the international research program Accelerated Breeding of Better Bananas (ABBB). Currently, the top 10 varieties grown in South Africa are as follows: Crimson Seedless; Prime Seedless 2004. In Africa, starchy varieties of banana and plantain (Musa) are a key staple food crop, providing food security, nutrition and income for millions of smallholder farmers. In Uganda and Rwanda, the fruit is steam-cooked, and the mashed meal is considered a national dish in both countries. Their official designation is Musa acuminata Colla (AAA-EA). Synonyms include Musa brieyi De Wild. Die Bananen (Musa), veraltet Paradiesfeigen, sind eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Bananengewächse (Musaceae) innerhalb der Einkeimblättrigen Pflanzen (Monokotyledonen). Some parts of the country are major banana producers and they supply Tanzania’s demand. The trunk is often cut up into small pieces and used as feed for livestock and the bark can also be used for fencing. Most of the banana varieties grown in Uganda are endemic (indigenous) to the East African highlands—a region recognized as a secondary center of banana diversity. BANANA is an important staple food in East and Central Africa providing significant sources of income to farmers in rural areas but they are under threat of pest and diseases that cause yield loss. Much research is done in Tanzania to improve banana farming such as the introduction of new pest-resistant varieties and currently Tanzania is one of the 10 biggest producers of bananas in the world. This article’s banana success story is about Deus Mulinde, a Ugandan banana plantation owner who arguably owns the largest banana plantation in all of East Africa. 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